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Archaeological Museum of Amphipolis

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The Museum of Amphipolis is a versatile set of premises and human resources with many different functions in relation to the protection and enhancement of antiquities. In Museum exhibition one can know the history of the ancient city and the immediate area. The warehouses and laboratories ensure that safekeeping and maintenance is performed and also the study of the findings archaeological excavations is brought to light.

 

In the exhibition hall at the lobby, the silver reliquary is exposed as well as the gold wreath of olive leaves found in cist grave, where the museum is now built.

 

The exhibition is organized in chronological and thematic sections:

 

I) Prehistoric times

Findings from the region of Strymon estuary testify the intense human presence from the Middle Neolithic Period to the Early Iron Age (5000 BC - 750p.Ch.)

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II) Early Historical Period

Since the mid-7th century BC, with the founding of Greek cities at the mouth of Struma, begins the gradual penetration of the Greek population in Thrace, as shown by the Attic and Corinthian vases found in graves of the Archaic period.

 

III) Classic and Hellenistic Period

The foundation of Amphipolis in 437 BC, in the years of Pericles was a great success for the Athenians. However, a few years later (422 BC), the city acquires its autonomy and keeps it until its accession to the kingdom of Macedonia by Philip II (357 BC).

The sacred city (place III.1), is dedicated to local deities like the Bride, the muse Cleo, the hero-horseman Rissos and Strymon, but also  to Olympian gods and heroes, such as Athena, Aphrodite, Artemis, Heracles, Asclepius, the Dioscuri. Of Particular importance for Amphipolis was the cult of Artemis Tauropolos while from the Hellenistic years the cult of Cybele and Attis becomes popular.

The intense public and private life of Amphipolis (space III.2) is reflected in the rich series of coins, production of local workshops, pottery, terracotta works, sculpture and miniatures. Excavations have revealed one of the most important public buildings of the town bands, high school, where trained and practiced by young people.

In the necropolis (space III.3) outside the city walls they were buried according to their financial comfort and social status the dead in tombs of various types. The offerings of these tombs, vases, figurines, weapons, jewelry, are impressive in wealth and art.

 

IV) Roman Period

The Roman era is for Amphipolis another period of prosperity, in the context of the Roman rulers ,as shown by the monumental buildings with mosaics and sculptures, pottery and minor arts that have come to light.

 

V) Early Christian times

By the end of the ancient world (4th cent. AD) the area of ​​the city is reduced. The transfer, however, of the capital of the Roman Empire to Constantinople favors the continuity of life in Amphipolis, as exemplified by the early Christian basilicas with ornate mosaics and the impressive architectural decoration. The plague of the 6th century. AD and movements of Slavic peoples leads to further shrinking of Amphipolis dissolved as urban center.

 

VI) Byzantine times

The residential interest after the 9th century. AD has shifted to the mouth of the Strymon, where it was developed an important port city known as Chrysoupolis. In the ruins of Amphipolis on the northwest slopes of hills, grew a small settlement in Marmaris, who served the travelers' parking needs crossing  River Struma by the passage known as "Poros Marmari".

In the small living room of the museum one can find information on the recent history of the place and a chroniclefor the archaeological research in the region.

 

Πηγή: http://odysseus.culture.gr/

 

Information

 

Official Unit:
KH Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities
Amphipoli Serron P.C 65052 Amphipoli (Serres)

 

Telephone: +30 23220 32474
Fax: +302322020778

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